|Krill photo: Stephen Brookes|
|BioMarine's Krill Fishing and Processing Factory Ship Photo: Erwin Vermeulen / Sea Shepherd|
Following the fishmeal trail raises more questions: is this yet another case of factory farming, dangerous to ecosystems as well as human health? Sea Shepherd states:
Fish farming has many well-documented problems: pollution of the fish farm locations, spreading of diseases and parasites to wild populations, higher contaminant levels than wild-caught fish... predators, like seals and sea lions [are] killed for being attracted to the fish farms and especially the wastefulness of catching fish (and in this case Krill), to feed other fish, to feed people...and dog food. Will there come a time when our pets consume more Krill than the world’s whales, like our factory farmed animals consume more fish than the world’s sharks?
Industrial competition for protein "is becoming more and more acute," Denzil Miller of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources told the New York Times. Though scientific estimates of the actual stock are still guesswork, NYT predicted the krill-killing industry, with new pumping and evaporator technology, could "jump from just more than 100,000 tons to several million tons" a year. Another fisheries collapse is in the making.
Encyclopedia of Earth, the "Antarctica Large Marine System" (2012).
SOS Antarctic Krill, list of recent scientific studies.
Someofus.org: "Vacuuming the Antarctic for krill" (petition 2014).