|Ministry of External Relations (Itamaraty), Brasilia|
(English translation of the original)
To: Ambassador Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado
Minister of External Relations André Corrêa do Lago
We, organizations and social movements that fight for climate justice and are members of the Belem Letter group, have followed the national policies on climate change and the negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol.
We were very worried about the outcome of the decisions of Cancún that were not enough to take concrete steps to confront the climate crisis, nor showed an effective way to reduce emissions in countries of origin and the creation of mechanisms to support the populations that are already vulnerable and will be impacted by climate change.
We reiterate our demand for the Brazilian government to reject the use of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) as a carbon market mechanism and that it would not be accepted as an offsetting to emissions from the North, under any conditionality.
We reaffirm our rejection of market mechanisms as instruments to reduce carbon emissions, based on the firm conviction that the market is not the space capable of taking responsibility for life on the planet. The latest COPs, particularly Copenhagen and Cancun, and its aftermath have shown that governments are not willing to undertake commitments consistent public and thus transfer the responsibility of practice greetings to private goals, while domestic policies, as in the case of Brazil, also have been appropriate to market interests. This makes public investment and control over the achievement of goals legitimize the global CO2 market, which appears as a new form of investment and speculative financial capital and survival to a model of production and consumption bankrupt.
We urge the Brazilian government to reaffirm the [Kyoto] principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, to ensure that decisions on the offsetting mechanisms and new forms of carbon market are not adopted, both for REDD+ as under general sources of funding for the second period commitment for the Kyoto Protocol or in new sector policies.
We believe that the offsetting mechanism will not lead to emission reductions required in developed countries and only divert the focus of negotiations which should converge towards an agreement at COP 17. This agreement must be guided by emission reduction targets for developed countries and higher than 40% compared to 1990, for the period 2013-2017, based on science and to consider the historical responsibility and climate debt.
We realize from the projects already underway, that a deregulated market for offsets can also have serious consequences for communities and local populations in the South, both in relation to the management and violation of rights to land and territories and on their ways of life associated with the forest management and conservation.
Brazil has seen in recent weeks the massive increase in deforestation in the Amazon and impending relaxation of the most important landmark environmental development, the Forestry Code, with an increase of 540% between March and April this year in the state of Mato Grosso alone, according to data from IBAMA. The current attempt to deregulate the national environmental regime could have serious implications for achieving the international targets assumed in both the Climate Convention and the Convention on Biological Diversity, putting Brazil in the position of serious contradictions between its foreign policy and domestic initiatives.
For all these reasons, the undersigned organizations argue that international negotiations on climate cannot be focused on the shift to achieve emissions reductions, by market mechanisms such as REDD+. Brazil, one of the most biodiverse countries of the world, has undertaken the challenge of a real transition to a new model of production, distribution and consumption, sponsored by the State. This model should be based on proposals already underway from the matrix of agroecology, solidarity economics, land and urban reform, democratization of the use and occupation of land in the territories, and community management of a diverse and decentralized energy model, which guarantee the right to an ecologically balanced environment and food security and sovereignty.
Amigos da Terra Brasil- Friends of the Earth Brazil
ANA - Articulação Nacional de Agroecologia
APTA - Associação de Programas em Tecnologias Alternativas – ES
Associação Global de Desenvolvimento Sustentado
CEAPAC - Centro de Apoio a Projetos de Ação Comunitária
CEPEDES – Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas para o Desenvolvimento do Extremo Sul da Bahia
CIMI – Conselho Indigenista Missionário
ESPLAR- Centro de Pesquisa e Assessoria
FASE – Solidariedade e Educação
Fórum Mudanças Climáticas e Justiça Social
GAMBA – Grupo Ambientalista da Bahia
GIAS – Grupo de Intercâmbio em Agricultura Sustentável – Mato Grosso
INESC – Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos
Jubileu Sul Brasil - Jubilee South Brazil
Plataforma DHESCA Brazil
Rede Alerta contra o Deserto Verde
Rede Brasil sobre Instituições Financeiras Multilaterais
Terra de Direitos
Via Campesina Brazil